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            當前位置:主頁 > 技術支持 > PHP > PhpExcel中文幫助手冊|PhpExcel使用方法

            PhpExcel中文幫助手冊|PhpExcel使用方法

            時間:2024-01-11來源:風信官網 點擊: 1027次

            下面是總結的幾個使用方法
            include 'PHPExcel.php';
            include 'PHPExcel/Writer/Excel2007.php';
            //或者include 'PHPExcel/Writer/Excel5.php'; 用于輸出.xls的
            創建一個excel
            $objPHPExcel = new PHPExcel();
            保存excel—2007格式
            $objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel2007($objPHPExcel);
            //或者$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel); 非2007格式
            $objWriter->save("xxx.xlsx");
            直接輸出到瀏覽器
            $objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel);
            header("Pragma: public");
            header("Expires: 0″);
            header("Cache-Control:must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0″);
            header("Content-Type:application/force-download");
            header("Content-Type:application/vnd.ms-execl");
            header("Content-Type:application/octet-stream");
            header("Content-Type:application/download");;
            header('Content-Disposition:attachment;filename="resume.xls"');
            header("Content-Transfer-Encoding:binary");
            $objWriter->save('php://output');
            ——————————————————————————————————————–
            設置excel的屬性:
            創建人
            $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCreator("Maarten Balliauw");
            最后修改人
            $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setLastModifiedBy("Maarten Balliauw");
            標題
            $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setTitle("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document");
            題目
            $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setSubject("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document");
            描述
            $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setDescription("Test document for Office 2007 XLSX, generated using PHP classes.");
            關鍵字
            $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setKeywords("office 2007 openxml php");
            種類
            $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCategory("Test result file");
            ——————————————————————————————————————–
            設置當前的sheet
            $objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0);
            設置sheet的name
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setTitle('Simple');
            設置單元格的值
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A1', 'String');
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A2', 12);
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A3', true);
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C5', '=SUM(C2:C4)');
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B8', '=MIN(B2:C5)');
            合并單元格
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells('A18:E22');
            分離單元格
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->unmergeCells('A28:B28');

            保護cell
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSheet(true); // Needs to be set to true in order to enable any worksheet protection!
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->protectCells('A3:E13', 'PHPExcel');
            設置格式
            // Set cell number formats
            echo date('H:i:s') . " Set cell number formats\n";
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4')->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat::FORMAT_CURRENCY_EUR_SIMPLE);
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->duplicateStyle( $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4'), 'E5:E13' );
            設置寬width
            // Set column widths
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('B')->setAutoSize(true);
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('D')->setWidth(12);
            設置font
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setName('Candara');
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setSize(20);
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setBold(true);
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setUnderline(PHPExcel_Style_Font::UNDERLINE_SINGLE);
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_WHITE);
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_WHITE);
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getFont()->setBold(true);
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getFont()->setBold(true);
            設置align
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D11')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D12')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_JUSTIFY);
            //垂直居中
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setVertical(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::VERTICAL_CENTER);
            設置column的border
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('C4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
            設置border的color
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getLeft()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getRight()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
            設置填充顏色
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_SOLID);
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080');
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_SOLID);
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080');
            加圖片
            $objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing();
            $objDrawing->setName('Logo');
            $objDrawing->setDescription('Logo');
            $objDrawing->setPath('./images/officelogo.jpg');
            $objDrawing->setHeight(36);
            $objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet());
            $objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing();
            $objDrawing->setName('Paid');
            $objDrawing->setDescription('Paid');
            $objDrawing->setPath('./images/paid.png');
            $objDrawing->setCoordinates('B15');
            $objDrawing->setOffsetX(110);
            $objDrawing->setRotation(25);
            $objDrawing->getShadow()->setVisible(true);
            $objDrawing->getShadow()->setDirection(45);
            $objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet());
            //處理中文輸出問題
            需要將字符串轉化為UTF-8編碼,才能正常輸出,否則中文字符將輸出為空白,如下處理:
            $str  = iconv('gb2312', 'utf-8', $str);
            或者你可以寫一個函數專門處理中文字符串:
            function convertUTF8($str)
            {
            if(empty($str)) return '';
            return  iconv('gb2312', 'utf-8', $str);
            }
            //從數據庫輸出數據處理方式
            從數據庫讀取數據如:
            $db = new Mysql($dbconfig);
            $sql = "SELECT * FROM  表名";
            $row = $db->GetAll($sql);  // $row 為二維數組
            $count = count($row);
            for ($i = 2; $i <= $count+1; $i++) {
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A' . $i, convertUTF8($row[$i-2][1]));
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B' . $i, convertUTF8($row[$i-2][2]));
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C' . $i, convertUTF8($row[$i-2][3]));
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('D' . $i, convertUTF8($row[$i-2][4]));
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('E' . $i, convertUTF8(date("Y-m-d", $row[$i-2][5])));
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('F' . $i, convertUTF8($row[$i-2][6]));
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('G' . $i, convertUTF8($row[$i-2][7]));
            $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('H' . $i, convertUTF8($row[$i-2][8]));
            }

            在默認sheet后,創建一個worksheet
            echo date('H:i:s') . " Create new Worksheet object\n";
            $objPHPExcel->createSheet();
            $objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objExcel, 'Excel5');
            $objWriter-save('php://output');

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